Caregiver Interaction Scale

The Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) is an instrument that measures parent and caregiver behaviors and interactions with children. The instrument consists of 26 items focused on sensitivity, harshness, detachment, and permissiveness. CIS was created in 1989 at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill’s Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute and used in the evaluation of North Carolina’s Smart Start Initiative.



Sensitivity; harshness; detachment; permissiveness

Not specified

Administration information

Not specified

Access and Use

Instrument Use in Peer-Reviewed Studies

Connors, Maia C., Allison H. Friedman-Krauss, Pamela A. Morris, Lindsay C. Page, and Avi Feller. 2014. The Role of Classroom Quality in Explaining Head Start Impacts. Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness.….

Mathiesen De G., Maria Elena, Maria Olivia Herrera G., Malva Villalon B., and Emy Suzuky S. 2000. “Evaluacion de La Interaccion Adulto-Nino En Aulas Pre-Escolares de Concepcion, Chile. [Evaluation Adult-Child Interaction in Preschool Classrooms of Concepcion, Chile.].” International Journal of Early Childhood 32 (1): 14–19.

Eckhardt, Andrea G., and Franziska Egert. 2018. “Differences in Childcare Quality -- A Matter of Personality Traits, Socialization Goals and Pre-Service Curriculum?” Early Child Development and Care 188 (12): 1724–35.


Manual scoring
Open Access
Resources on Psychometric Properties

Colwell, Nicole, Rachel A. Gordon, Ken Fujimoto, Robert Kaestner, and Sanders Korenman. 2013. “New Evidence on the Validity of the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale: Results from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort.” Early Childhood Research Quarterly 28 (2): 218–33.