Alabama Parenting Questionnaire

The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire is a 42-item self-reporting instrument that focuses on positive involvement with children, supervision and monitoring, use of positive discipline techniques, consistency in the use of discipline, and corporal punishment use. The instrument, designed for parents with children 6-18 years of age, can be used for pre- and post-treatment and is offered in both English and Spanish.



Positive involvement with children; supervision and monitoring; use of positive discipline techniques; consistency in the use of such discipline; use of corporal punishment

6-18 years

Administration information

Not specified

Access and Use

Instrument Use in Peer-Reviewed Studies

Barnard, Allison D., Jill L. Adelson, and Patrick Pössel. 2017. “Associations between Perceived Teaching Behaviours and Affect in Upper Elementary School Students.” Early Child Development and Care 187 (11): 1795–1808.

McRae, Elizabeth M., Laura Stoppelbein, Sarah E. O’Kelley, Paula Fite, and Leilani Greening. 2018. “Predicting Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Children with ASD: Evaluation of a Contextual Model of Parental Factors.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 48 (4): 1261–71.

Randolph, Karen A., and Melissa Radey. 2011. “Measuring Parenting Practices among Parents of Elementary School-Age Youth.” Research on Social Work Practice 21 (1): 88–97.

Haack, Lauren M., Alyson C. Gerdes, Brian W. Schneider, and Gabriela Dieguez Hurtado. 2011. “Advancing Our Knowledge of ADHD in Latino Children: Psychometric and Cultural Properties of Spanish-Versions of Parental/Family Functioning Measures.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 39 (1): 33–43.

Donnelly, Reesa, Kimberly Renk, and Cliff McKinney. 2013. “Emerging Adults’ Stress and Health: The Role of Parent Behaviors and Cognitions.” Child Psychiatry and Human Development 44 (1): 19–38.

Leyendeckera, Birgit, Julia Jakel, Sinem Olcay Kademoglu, and Bilge Yagmurlu. 2011. “Parenting Practices and Pre-Schoolers’ Cognitive Skills in Turkish Immigrant and German Families.” Early Child Development and Care 181 (8): 1095–1110.

Martel, Michelle M., Molly Nikolas, Katherine Jernigan, Karen Friderici, and Joel T. Nigg. 2012. “Diversity in Pathways to Common Childhood Disruptive Behavior Disorders.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 40 (8): 1223–36.


Manual scoring
Open Access
Resources on Psychometric Properties

Elgar, Frank J., Daniel A. Waschbusch, Mark R. Dadds, and Nadine Sigvaldason. 2007. “Development and Validation of a Short Form of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 16 (2): 243–59.